Trigger Finger Overview
Trigger finger occurs when a finger catches or locks as it flexes or straightens. Trigger finger symptoms make it difficult to use the fingers and hand, especially if the finger remains locked. An appointment with a Carolina Orthopaedic and Neurosurgical Associates’ (CONA) hand specialist should be made as soon as symptoms present. Delaying treatment makes trigger finger worse.
Symptoms & Causes
Trigger finger symptoms include:
- A catching, locking or popping sensation when the finger moves
- A tender lump
Common trigger finger risk factors include:
- Occupations that involve forceful or frequent hand and finger use
- Rheumatoid arthritis
An early trigger finger diagnosis is very important because nonsurgical treatment options can be used to effectively reduce symptoms and prevent the condition from becoming worse. After a thorough evaluation, a CONA hand specialist may recommend:
- A corticosteroid injection
- A custom made splint
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications
- Stretching exercises
Surgery may be recommended to treat severe trigger finger, especially if the finger remains in a locked position. During a trigger finger release, a CONA hand specialist carefully excises the tendon sheath so the tendon has more room to move. Symptoms dramatically decrease shortly if not immediately after the procedure.